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Forms for Nomination of Examiners - Academic Year 2015/16

DENTAL CARIES PREVALENCE AND ORAL HYGIENE PRACTICES IN KINDERGARTEN CHILDREN IN PANGANI ESTATE IN NAIROBI

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SUMMARY
Objective: to determine dental caries prevalence and associated risk factors
among kindergarten children.
Setting: Pangani estate in Nairobi
The study design: a descriptive cross-sectional study using school-based
study groups.
Subjects: kindergarten children aged 3-5years
Methods: 380 kindergarten children selected through random sampling from
3 Kindergarten schools.
The children were interviewed on brushing, diet and snacking habits with
the help of caregivers. They were then examined for decayed teeth, and
teeth filled due to caries.
Results; out of the 280 questionnaires given only 250 were returned 43 had
incomplete information and were thus dropped. This gave a response rate of
82.2%and reduced the sample to 207.The results showed that 43.5% were
fathers 48.3% were mothers and 8.2% were guardians. It was also noted that
majority of the fathers, mothers and guardians had attained tertiary level of
education. The occupations of the fathers ranged from social worker to civil
servants. The mother's occupation ranged from hairdressing to nursing.
3
The study sample included children aged 3 years to 5 years. It was noted that
majority of the children brushed their teeth (70.40/0)out of which majority of
them brushed only once.
Majority of the children (55%) were not taught how to brush and learnt by
themselves, while 94.70/0were not assisted during brushing. 45.70/0of the
children did not like eat a lot of snacks. Out of the 207, 155 children did
have caries,the mean number of caries per child was 3.2.0ut of the 142 boys
examined.TlB'zo had caries and 84.4% of the girls had caries.The tooth type
with the highest caries prevalence was 75 (36.70/0and 74 (32.4) Only 3
children had their teeth filled. It was noted that the boys had higher caries
prevalence than the girls. The teeth with the highest caries prevalence
included 51,61,74,75,84,85.
In conclusion the, dental caries prevalence in Nairobi kindergarten children
is high. The study showed that most of the children brush their teeth once in a
day. About 650/0of the parent had acquired tertiary education. Most of the
children brush their teeth once in a day and are usually unassisted.
Majority of the kindergarten children in Nairobi like and eat sugary foods
(snack) but do not brush after snacking. A high percentage of children do not
snack on a daily basis but rather occasionally with no regular pattern.
The caries prevalence in kindergarten children is still high with a prevalence
of about 94%.there is a negligible percentage of children who have sought
dental treatment due to caries.
Recommendations; the children should be educated on how to brush and
how many times to brush their teeth. Oral health programmes should be
introduced into schools to enlighten the expectant mothers on oral hygiene
and its importance in their children. The government should allocate at least
one oral health worker to every school.
 

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