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Forms for Nomination of Examiners - Academic Year 2015/16

PREVALENCE OF GINGIVITIS AND ORAL HYGIENE PRACTICES AMONG ADOLESCENT BOYS AND GIRLS IN TWO HIGH SCHOOLS IN NAIROBI

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Background: Periodontitis is regarded as the second most common oral disease worldwide after
dental caries. Plaque induced inflammatory lesions make up the vast majority of periodontal
diseases. Effective plaque removal will minimize the occurrence of the inflammatory lesion and
this can be done by good orat hygi~ {O'n)practices. However, in most cases peopie do not do
so and in pubertal gingivitis this becomes worse since hormones produced during this period
increase the prevalence of gingival inflammation.
Objective: To determine prevalence of gingivitis and oral hygiene practices among adolescent
girls and boys in two high schools in Nairobi.
Study Design: This will be a descriptive cross sectional study using school based study groups.
Study area: The study will be carried out in two high schools in Nairobi: The Nairobi Muslim
Academy (girls) and The Upper Hill Secondary School (boys). The boys school is located in Upper
Hill and is a 5 minute drive from Dental school while the girls school is located in South Cand is
a 15minute drive from Dental School.
Study time: March-October
Methodutogy: Seventy two students at the two schoots witt be setected using random sampting
method. The students being examined will be between the ages of 10 to 18 years from form 1-
4. A self- administered questionnaire will be used to collect data on OH practices( e.g whether
they brush their teeth and number of times in a day) •. and clinical examination of gingivitis will
be done using the Gingival Index by loe and Sillness (1963) by the investigator to determine
the degree of gingival inflammation.
Data Analysis Presentation:. Data will be analvsed with the aid of computer using Microsoft
Excel software and SPSS.The results will be presented in form of tables, graphs and pie charts.
Perceived benefits: the data obtained will determine the prevalence of gingivitis and whether
there Is an association between pubertal gingivitis and OHpracnces among the adolescent
girls and boys in the two schools. The data will help in a designing a programme of educating
the students on the various available methods of OH improvement and explain the association
between OH, puberty and gingivitis.

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