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Dietary risk factors and prevalence of ear'ly childhood caries among children aged 3-6yrs attending a dental clinic in an urban based children's hospital

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Summary

Early Childhood caries is a disease characterized by carious destruction of deciduous and early permanent dentition. The dietary practices of children have been asserted as having a strong

influence in the development of the disease.

A convenient number of children (79) within the age bracket of 3-6yrs who will visit the Gertrude's

Children's Hospital dental clinic between the months of August and September will be sampled by

the investigator.

Questionnaires that aim to establish the dietary habits and practices of the children will be filled in

by consenting parents and guardians. The information sought will include the number of meals

eaten per day, the frequency, the contents of the meals, snacks eaten between meals and their

frequency, contents of the snacks, bottle feeding and breast feeding habits.

Clinical examination forms will be used to assess and record the dental health of the children

sampled therefore establishing presence or absence of ECe.

The DMFT index will be used to diagnose ECe. ECCis defined as the presence of 1 or more decayed

(non- cavitated or cavitated lesions), missing (due to caries) or filled tooth surfaces in any primary

tooth in a child aged <6yrs.

Data collected will be analysed by use of SPSS,recorded and presented.

There is need for the studying and analysis of the condition in Kenya. Therefore, the need has

necessitated this study which seeks to determine the prevalence of ECC amongst children in an

urban population and also analyze the dietary practices of the children hence establishing and

demonstrating the association.

This study will assist in formulation of policies on information, education and communication with

an aim at prevention and early treatment of the disease.

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Dietary risk factors and prevalence of ear'ly childhood caries among children aged 3-6yrs attending a dental clinic in an urban based children's hospital.pdf46.93 KB

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