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KNOWLEDGE, ATTITUDE AND PREFERENCE OF DENTAL IMPLANTS AMONG DENTAL PATIENTS IN NAIROBI.

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ABSTRACT

Background: Edentulism is a widespread condition which is increasing especially in developing countries. This has resulted in increased demand for tooth replacement. Dental implants have an edge over other teeth replacement methods in that, they replace one or more teeth without affecting adjacent teeth, support a bridge, eliminate the need for a removable partial denture and provide support for a denture, making it more secure and comfortable.

 

Objective: The purpose of this study was to assess knowledge, attitude and preference of dental implants among dental patients attending a selected hospital in Nairobi.

Study design: This was a descriptive cross-sectional study.

Study Area: The study was conducted in the City of Nairobi. The study population included dental patients attending University of Nairobi Dental School hospital.

Methodology: A self-administered questionnaire was used as data collection tool. The questionnaire was issued to all dental patients in the selected study area.

Data Presentation: Data was analyzed manually by the aid of a computer using the

Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 17.0.

  Results: A total of 82 patients were included in the study. 21(25.6%) thought that the dental   implants are placed in the gums. 33(40.2%) thought they are placed in the jaw bone, 6(7.3%) thought that the dental implants are placed on or in the neighboring teeth while 22(26.8%) did not know where dental implants are placed. The main source of information on the alternatives of replacing missing teeth was the dentist for 50(61%) of the questioned participants followed by friends and family for 22(26.8%) of the participants and only 18(22%) got their information from books, magazines and the internet. Only 1 respondent was not interested in knowing more about dental implants

 

Conclusion: Within the limitation of this study, majority of the questioned subjects were not aware about dental implants. There is also general misconception on dental implants. It also showed the need for providing more general and correct information to the patients about dental implants as a modality of replacing missing teeth.

 

Recommendations: The misconceptions should be eliminated through well guided educational programmes. Various public awareness campaigns, counseling centers should be established to promote knowledge of dental implants.

More detailed studies should be conducted further to give a better picture so as to allow for generalization of the results.

 

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