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KNOWLEDGE AND ATTITUDE OF BACHELOR OF DENTAL SURGERY CLINICAL YEAR STUDENTS ABOUT MEDICAL EMERGENCIES AT THE UNIVERSITY OF NAIROBI DENTAL HOSPITAL

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ABSTRACT

A medical emergency can occur in any dental office, and managing it successfully requires preparation. There should be a basic action plan that is understood by all staff members. The goal is to manage the patient's care until he or she recovers fully or until help arrives. A team approach should be used, with each staff member trained in basic life support and understanding the role expected of him or her ahead of time. In addition, the risk of mortality or serious morbidity can be reduced by ensuring basic equipment and medication are in place and that the team is properly trained in BLS. The ability to react immediately to the emergency at hand, including telephoning for help and having the equipment, and drugs needed to respond to an emergency, can mean the difference between successful management and failure.

The main objective of this study was to assess the knowledge and attitude of university of Nairobi bachelor of dental surgery clinical year students about medical emergencies.

The study was a descriptive cross-sectional study that was carried out at the University of Nairobi Dental hospital, Nairobi.

The study population was University Of Nairobi Bachelor of Dental Surgery students in their clinical years of the course

The materials and method used was a self-administered questionnaire was used to collect information on knowledge and attitude of the BDS clinical year students concerning emergencies.

The study found that majority of respondents knew of medical emergencies that may occur in the dental setting. 78.08% of respondents had never previously encountered a medical emergency. 95.9% of respondents considered medical emergencies that occur in the dental setting as potentially life threatening. 87.67% of respondents were not aware of any protocol to follow in the event of a medical emergency.. 17.81% of respondents named three items of equipment used in medical emergency management. 32.88% of respondents gave two correct examples of medical emergency equipment. 19.18% gave one example and 30.14% did not give a single example.

The study concluded that in general, University of Nairobi Bachelor of Dental Surgery students in their clinical years of study had high knowledge concerning medical emergencies encountered in the dental setting and the equipments used in managing them. Majority of them had no knowledge on protocol to follow in the event of a medical emergency. All the participants considered attending to medical emergencies as important.

The study recommended that more emphasis be placed on increasing awareness of protocols and hands-on approach of managing medical emergencies be included in the clinical training curriculum.

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