RESEARCH

TUPAC

 

STUDENTS CV

Students CVs

 

 

STUDENTS REPS.

Our Blog

Downloads

Forms for Nomination of Examiners - Academic Year 2015/16

AETIOLOGY AND PREVALENCE OF GINGIVAL ENLARGEMENT AMONG TEENAGE STUDENTS IN TWO SECONDARY SCHOOLS.

Printer-friendly versionPDF version

ABSTRACT

Background: Several studies have demonstrated that gingival hyperplasia affects different populations and is associated with different causes. Causes range from gingival irritation by plaque, atmospheric air and suppurative infections. Some medications like anticonvulsants, antihypertensives and immunosuppresants have been associated with gingival overgrowth. Hormonal variations during puberty and pregnancy induces enlargements that  manifest varying severities. Each of the above causesrequire identification and appropriate management.

Objective: This study therefore aimed at determining the etiology and prevalence of gingival enlargement among teenagers.

Study population: The study involved teenage students in two secondary schools.

Study design: The study was a cross-sectional study.

Study area: Kitonguni and Kiketi high schools in Makueni county.

Results: The results of the study show that the prevalence of GE as among the pubertal students was 64.7% deduced from the 141 respondents among the population of 218, who had either generalized or localized gingival enlargements. Generalized enlargements were dominant, 95(43.6%). Majority of the enlargements were marginal, 125(57.3%), 89(40.8%) were papillary and 38(17.4%) were diffuse. 62(65.3%) of the generalized enlargements had a grade 2 severity while 33(43.7%) had grade 1 severity.

 

With regards to OH assessment, 118(54.2%) teenagers had plaque, of whom 74(62.7%) had generalized enlargement while 35(29.7%) had localized enlargement. Plaque seemed to aggravate the condition of GE with 56(47.5%) presenting with grade 2 severity and 54(45.8%) with grade 1. Of the 22 teenagers with calculus, 9(40.9%) had grade 1 GE while 12(54.5%) had grade 2 GE.

 

Conclusion: The prevalence of GE among teenagers was 64.7%. Plaque and calculus as appears to increase to the extent and severity of GE (plaque’s X2=87.198, df=2, p=0.001). This is consisted with the study hypothesis. We therefore accept the hypothesis that 50% of GE in puberty are inflammatory type and are aggravated by poor OH practices proved by presence of plaque and calculus.

Community Outreach

Follow Us on Twitter

Like Us On Facebook

 
 

Our Contacts

Physical Address:

Argwings Kodhek Road (Opposite Nairobi Hospital)

Postal Address:

P. O. Box  19676-00202
Kenyatta National Hospital
Nairobi Kenya

Telephone:

Secretary, School of Dental Sciences - 0204915901

Cellphone:

+254-773-181503

Fax:

+254-20-2723252

E-Mail:

dean-dental@uonbi.ac.ke

Our Map

UoN Website | UoN Repository | ICTC Website


Copyright © 2019. ICT WebTeam, University of Nairobi