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Dental treatment needs among the geriatrics in a Nairobi home for the elderly.

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ABSTRACT.

The geriatrics are people with many treatment needs. This is so because they rarely seek treatment early enough. Most of them tend to ignore ailments. Some are more prone to frequent infections due to diminished immune response in their bodies. Few of them not by choice but due to lack of money and facilities to address their problems. Although several epidemiological studies have been done in Kenya. Hardly any address has been given to dental treatment needs of the elderly persons.

This was a cross sectional descriptive study that was conducted at a home for the elderly in Nairobi. A population size of 368 persons was targeted. However the numbers of residents available in the home at the time of the study were recruited.

The current population in the home is 60. All of them took part in the study.

The study tried to find out the pertinent treatment needs of the elderly persons.

Counseling and referral of conditions that needed immediate attention was done when collecting data.

The main objective of the study was to determine the treatment needs among the elderly persons. From the results. recommendations and policies have been made to address the respective treatment needs.

60 subjects were examined and the following needs were identified: need for extraction of mobile teeth. need for root canal treatment, need for permanent restorations, need for partial dentures, need for complete dentures, need for scaling, root planing and polishing, need for surgery, need for denture repair and the need for denture use instructions and oral hygiene instructions.

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