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Forms for Nomination of Examiners - Academic Year 2015/16

ORAL HEALTH KNOWLEDGE, ATTITUDE AND PRACTICE AMONG FIRST AND FOURTH YEAR DENTAL STUDENTS AT THE UNIVERSITY OF NAIROBI

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Background: The behavior of oral health care providers and their attitudes towards their own oral health
reflect not only their understanding of the importance of preventive dental procedures but also helps in
improving the oral health of their patients. Various cases or reported dental pathologies at an advanced
stage among dental students at the UON DS contradict the expectation of optimal oral health amongst
them. Research was therefore needed to determine the effectiveness of lectures given on oral health and
oral hygiene on the dental students' personal oral health.
Objective: To evaluate the attitudes and practices of first and fourth year dental students concerning their
oral health and to compare oral health knowledge between pre-clinical students (first years) and clinical
students (fourth years).
Study design: This was a descriptive cross-sectional study.
Methodology: Stratified random sampling was used to select a sample of 66 undergraduate dental
students in their first and fourth years of school. The study was conducted at University of Nairobi Dental
School and Chiromo campus. Self-administered questionnaires with open-ended and close-ended
questions were used to collect data on knowledge, attitude and practice on oral health among first and
fourth year undergraduate dental students. The results were analyzed using SPSS version 16.0 and
Microsoft Office Excel 2007.
Perceived benefits: The study results may be used to acquire baseline information on oral health
knowledge, attitude and practice among dental students at the University of Nairobi Dental School and to
assess the effectiveness of the lectures given to students concerning oral health.
Data analysis: The information was coded in a computer. Data analysis was computer aided by use if
SPSS version 16.0 with concurrent use of Microsoft Office Excel 2007. The data was computed in terms
of percentages, means and presented in the form of graphs and tables.
-Results: A total of 66-first and fourth-year dental-students were-included in the study. All of them-statedthe
importance of dental check-ups but 37.9% had never had a dental check-up done.

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ORAL HEALTH KNOWLEDGE, ATTITUDE AND PRACTICE AMONG FIRST AND FOURTH YEAR DENTAL STUDENTS AT THE UNIVERSITY OF NAIROBI.pdf22.53 MB

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