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Forms for Nomination of Examiners - Academic Year 2015/16

THE EFFECTS OF WEARING ORTHODONTIC APPLIANCES ON PATIENTS IN NAIROBI

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ABSTRACT
Hepatitis C is a contagious disease that affects the liver and is caused by the hepatitis C
virus. It is 100 times more infectious than HIV and is known to cause liver disease and
oral cancer. A descriptive cross sectional study was done among the health personnel at
the University of Nairobi Dental Hospital to determine their knowledge, attitudes and
practices towards Hepatitis C.A convenience study was done whereby self-administered
semi structured questionnaires were distributed and 90 questionnaires were analyzed.
Over 90% of the respondents knew what HCV was. The main source of information was
mainly from lectures. Majority ofthe respondents knew that HCV could be transmitted
via direct contact with infected blood and sexual contact.53% knew that HCV is more
infectious than HIV, 27% thought it was less infectious while 18%thought it has the same
infectivity. 100% of the respondents knew that HCV is preventable though there's a
misconception that there's a vaccine against HCV by 67% ofthe respondents.
With regard to management of patients with HCV 44% knew the drugs used.
Knowledge on HCV by the students, nurses and doctors is therefore not adequate.
There should therefore be more education on it through incorporating it in the syllabus
and giving continuous educational programmes on HCV.

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