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Forms for Nomination of Examiners - Academic Year 2015/16

ASSESSMENT OF FACTORS ASSOCIATED WITH PERIODONTITIS AMONG PATIENTS AT THE UNIVERSITY OF NAIROBI DENTAL HOSPITAL

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Background: Periodontitis is a disease of the dental attachment tissues that has the etiological factor as pathogenic bacteria found in dental plaque. Disease progression is however modified indifferent individuals by intrinsic host factors that may further be classified as local or systemic, or extrinsic factors that may be behavioral or environmental. Intrinsic factors may be non-modifiable whereas extrinsic factors are usually modifiable. Intrinsic factors include immune deficient states, primary or secondary, endocrine disturbances such as Diabetes Mellitus, emotional stress and presence of local plaque retentive factors such as grossly carious teeth, overhanging dental restorations, congenital tooth defects such as enamel pearls and developmental defects such as malocclusion and trauma from occlusion. Extrinsic factors include cigarette smoking and alcohol consumption where the latter plays an indirect role, in that oral hygiene habits deteriorate in alcoholics, in addition to their little attention to proper dietary habits. Tobacco consumption has an indirect role in that the toxic products may be vasoconstrictive, cytotoxic or inhibit proper leukocyte function against pathogenic bacteria.
Aim: The aim of this research is to document factors associated with periodontitis among patients who present at the University of Nairobi Dental hospital for Periodontal treatment.
Study design: This will be a cross-sectional study.
Study area: The study area will be the University of Nairobi Dental School, off Argwing Kodhek road in Nairobi county, the capital city of Kenya.
Methodology: For patients who consent to the study, the clinician attending to them will fill in a data collection sheet using variables such as age, gender, environmental factors, systemic conditions and behavioral factors. A sample size of 132 patients is expected to participate in the study.
Perceived benefits: The findings of this study will be used in the management of Periodontal disease,consideringthe specific risk factor predisposing the patient to the disease. It will also be used as an educative tool to the students taking Periodontology, providing additional information with regards to the predisposing factors among the local population. The study resultswill also ensure the members of the public retain their teeth for long due to effective management of the predisposing factors. Furthermore, as a student, the results will aid in boostingmy knowledge of the disease and management modalities, and as such, make me a better practitioner.

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